Her Tiny Heart
Cheyenne Pyle became famous, and the best part is that she’ll never remember a bit of it. Early Sunday the 3.4-kg girl was born at a children’s hospital. Ninety minutes later, she was undergone surgery to replace her underdeveloped heart, and operation that restored her to heart and made her the world’s youngest heart taker.
Even before Cheyenne was delivered, doctors knew she was in for a rough ride. Ultrasound revealed a deformity in the left side of her heart; she would need either a series of procedures to correct the defect or a simple operation to replace the organ. Her parents chose the transplant.
Doctors tissue-typed Cheyenne while she was still in the womb, placed her on a heart-transplant waiting list and put a team of surgeons, nurses and transport coordinators on call. Ten days later, during the 36th week of gestation, word arrived that a baby had died during or shortly after birth and the parents had agreed to donate the infant’s heart.
The first step in the six-hour operation was a caesarean delivery, during which the weak Cheyenne cried as hard as any other newborn. "I wanted her to keep crying so I knew she was alive," said her mother. Cheyenne soon grew still, however, as doctors lowered her temperature to less than 17℃ to prevent neurological damage during the critical period after her own heart was removed and before her new, golf ball-size heart was in place. Not until the patient reached this state of suspended animation was it sale to make the transplantation.
Cheyenne’s initial prognosis is good; doctors give her an 80% chance of survival. But throughout her entire life she will depend on some special drugs to prevent organ rejection. What matters most to her family, however, is that she will have that life.
36. Which of the following could replace the title of the passage? ________
A. A Caesarean Delivery
B. A Difficult Operation
C. The Youngest Organ Taker
D. An Organ Transplant Operation
37. Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage? ________
A. Cheyenne was not born on the expected date of birth.
B. Cheyenne behaved differently from any other newborn at the moment she came to this world.
C. Cheyenne’s parents need not pay for the transplanted heart.
D. Cheyenne’s temperature was lowered below 17℃ to keep her nervous system from being damaged.
38. What does "which" in the first line of the fourth paragraph refer to? ________
A. The six-hour operation.
B. The caesarean delivery.
C. The transplant operation.
D. The six-hour period.
39. It can be concluded from the passage that the transplant operation ________
A. lasted ninety minutes.
B. was of 80% success.
C. was successful.
D. was not successful.
40. Which of the following can be inferred from the last paragraph? ________
A. Cheyenne will live as healthily as any other child in the future.
B. Cheyenne needs another operation to prevent organ rejection.
C. Cheyenne will have little chance of survival because of organ rejection.
D. Cheyenne will probably depend on some sort of medicine all her life.
Economic Knowledge in One Sentence
Once upon a time, Tanstaafl was made king of all lands. His first act was to call his economic advisers and tell them to write up all the economic knowledge the society possessed. After years of work, they presented the king with a set of books: 25 volumes, each about 400 pages long. But during that time, King Tanstaafl had become very busy with running a kingdom of all lands. Looking at the lengthy volumes, he told his advisers to put their findings into one volume. The economists returned to their desks, wondering how they could summarize what they had been so careful to spell out. After many more years of rewriting, they were finally satisfied with their one volume effort, and tried to make an appointment to see the king. Unfortunately, affairs of state had become even more pressing than before, and the king couldn’t take the time to see them. Instead he sent word to them through an adviser that he couldn’t be bothered with a whole volume, and ordered them, under threat of death, or reduce the work to one sentence.
The economists returned, trembling in their chairs and wondering about their impossible task. Thinking about their fate if they were not successful, they decided to send out for one last meal. Unfortunately, when they were collecting money to pay for the meal, they discovered they were penniless. The delivery man became angry and took the meal away, and the economists started down the path to the beheading station（断头台）.On the way, the delivery man’s parting words sounded in their ears. They looked at each other and suddenly they realized the truth. "We are saved!" they shouted. "That’s it! that’s economic knowledge in one sentence!" They wrote sentence down and presented it to the king, who afterwards fully understood all economic problems. The sentence is "There is no such thing as a free lunch".
41. To start with, King Tanstaafl told his economic advisers to ________
A. put their economic knowledge into one book.
B. construct an economic theory.
C. spend several years making economic discoveries.
D. write down all the economic knowledge.
42. How did the economists react to the king’s order for putting their findings into one volume? ________
A. They accepted the order happily.
B. They felt it rather difficult to put to much knowledge into a single volume.
C. They went back to their desks and started working at once.
D. They decided to spell out their findings with great care.
43. What was the king’s reaction to the economists’ one-volume effort? ________
A. He was not satisfied with the way the book was written.
B. He made an appointment with the economists.
C. He changed his mind of reading the whole volume.
D. He decided to give the economists a meal and then kill them.
44. The economists decided to have their last meal ________
A. before they were killed by the king for failing to reduce the whole volume to one sentence.
B. before they were killed by the king for no reason at all.
C. because they knew the king would kill them the following morning.
D. because they knew that the king had decided to have their heads chopped off in his palace.
45. By writing down the sentence "There is no such things as a free lunch", the economists wished to ________
A. show that they would never forget what the delivery man had said.
B. express the essential ideas of economics.
C. tell the king that they had not taken their meal.
D. help the king solve all his economic problems.
答案：36．C 37．38．39．40．D 41．42．43．44．A 45．
本文Tags:职称英语考试 - 模拟试题 - 综合类,,职称英语考试试题,职称英语考试真题,职称英语考试科目,职称英语考试题型